Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management https://journal.achsm.org.au/index.php/achsm <p>The Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management (APJHM) is a peer-reviewed journal for managers of organisations offering healthcare and aged care services. The APJHM aims to promote the discipline of health management throughout the region by facilitating the transfer of knowledge among readers by widening the evidence base for management practices.<br /><br />*Print 1(1);2006 - 5(1);2010 Online 4(2);2009 - current<br />*ISSN 2204-3136 (online); ISSN 1833-3818 (print)</p> en-US yaping.liu@achsm.org.au (Yaping Liu) journal@achsm.org.au (Yaping Liu) Tue, 20 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0800 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Using Policy as a Prevention Effort Against Internet Addiction: A Scoping Review from a Public Health Perspective https://journal.achsm.org.au/index.php/achsm/article/view/2447 <p>Background: As technology and the online world are constantly evolving, people will eventually be able to engage in harmful activities. Yet, many countries are still lags behind in terms of policy and strategies development, permitting individuals and the community as a whole to experience the negative effects of uncontrolled engagement which lead to Internet Addiction. Internet Addiction is reported to be prevalent in the general population, which includes vulnerable users (minors). Hence, it raises the prospect of intensifying government control and preventive strategies.</p> <p>Aim: The purpose of this review is to examine the existing information on policies, guidelines or strategies used to prevent Internet Addiction based on public health perspectives.</p> <p>Methods: A scoping review was conducted in December 2022 according to PRISMA extension protocol for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR) standards. Three main databases were included, namely Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science, which yielded an extraction of 306 records.</p> <p>Results: Following the screening and selection process, a final yield of 11 including studies was obtained. Eight records were review articles (73%), two were cross-sectional studies, and one qualitative study. The review uncovered a number of policies and strategies that are either currently in effect or will be recommended in the future for Internet Addiction prevention efforts and were further grouped according to the following three criteria (1) socio-environment. (2) internet features, and (3) individual. It is crucial to note that this review examines the problem through public health lenses.</p> <p>Conclusion: Government and industry must collaborate on the development and implementation of measures that effectively safeguard users from the risks of excessive Internet usage and encourage balanced, healthy engagement. This effort must incorporate multidisciplinary researchers and public health experts in formulating means to improve health and minimize harm. </p> AyuZeity Bistari Md Bukhori Copyright (c) https://journal.achsm.org.au/index.php/achsm/article/view/2447 the Relationship between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and the Incidence of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in 2014-2019 in Riau Province https://journal.achsm.org.au/index.php/achsm/article/view/2445 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong>Background</strong>: The increasing number of new cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR TB) is a major public health problem in Indonesia. One of the risk factors for DR TB cases is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).</p> <p><strong>Aim</strong>: This study aimed to observe the relationship between T2DM and the incidence of DR TB in Riau Province between 2014 and 2019.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods</strong>: A total of 251 cases (DR TB) and 502 controls (drug-sensitive tuberculosis/DS TB). DR TB case data were obtained from the referral hospital and sub-referral hospital, through Form 01.DR TB, Form 03.DR TB, medical records and e-TB manager. While control data (DS TB) were obtained from primary health care in districts/cities of Riau Province in 2014-2019, through Form.01 DS TB, Form.03 DS TB, medical records and the Integrated Tuberculosis Information System. Data analysis included univariate, bivariate, stratified, and multivariate analysis with logistic regression.</p> <p><strong>Result</strong>: The results showed that people with T2DM, compared to people without T2DM, had a risk of 2.27 times (95% CI; 1.58-3.27) to experience DR TB after controlling for variables of employment, area of residence, marital status and previous records of TB treatment.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: There is a relationship that people who suffer from T2DM, compared to people who do not, have a 2.2 times risk of experiencing DR TB.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Type 2 diabetes mellitus, drug-resistant tuberculosis</p> musfardi rustam, ratna, sudarto, renti, erlina, evi; afrinaldi, martha Copyright (c) https://journal.achsm.org.au/index.php/achsm/article/view/2445