Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management <p>The Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management (APJHM) is a peer-reviewed journal for managers of organisations offering healthcare and aged care services. The APJHM aims to promote the discipline of health management throughout the region by facilitating the transfer of knowledge among readers by widening the evidence base for management practices.<br /><br />*Print 1(1);2006 - 5(1);2010 Online 4(2);2009 - current<br />*ISSN 2204-3136 (online); ISSN 1833-3818 (print)</p> en-US (Yaping Liu) (Yaping Liu) Fri, 01 Dec 2023 00:00:00 -0800 OJS 60 A A Critical and Progressive Review on Maternal and Child Health Policies in India <p>Background: Mothers' survival and well-being are crucial for addressing major economic, societal, and child development issues. They are also significant in and of themselves. The current mother and child health situation&nbsp;in India is a complex topic with both hurdles and improvement. The Government of India has the foresight to reduce maternal mortality with the help of different programmes and healthcare facilities being introduced and cautiously implemented.</p> <p>Objective: The author summarised the literature on maternal and child health programmes, investing in their impact, especially the programmes initiated through national health missions and analysed the programmes.</p> <p>Result: This paper discussed the programmes and their current scenario with their benefits and problems. Some programmes are near to achieving their objectives such as Jannani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) but not at their full potential there is still some laguna in these programmes. In this direction reviewed research papers highlighted the problems in the implementation and utilisation of the programmes and suggested further steps that should be taken to fully utilise these programmes and improve maternal and child health.</p> <p>Conclusion: Maternal deaths can be reduced if proper&nbsp;healthcare treatments are used to prevent or break the chains of problems. Although India outperformed the global average in terms of maternal mortality reduction between 1990 and 2016, we still have a long way to go to catch up with large economies such as Brazil (44), China (27) and Japan (5).</p> PRITY KUMARI Copyright (c) Development of a mathematical model to optimize blood bank costs <p>: The amount of blood in a blood bank should be determined based on the needs of the hospital, and it is appropriate to meet the demand if the demand suddenly increases in the presence of unexpected events such as earthquakes, floods, and wars. If there is not enough stock, it must be procured from other sources, which will lead to shortage costs. Additionally, since blood is a perishable substance and has a limited life, if the useful life of blood is over, the remaining blood cannot be used, which leads to waste, and this action is subject to a cost called the cost of waste. Our aim in this article is to investigate and analyze the sensitivity of the parameters involved in blood management so that by developing a mathematical model, we can try to determine the level of blood inventory for a specific blood type such that blood bank costs are optimized according to the existing constraint that the total cost is the summation of the costs of shortage and wastage. Modeling of the problem is performed using the Markov chain, where the inventory in each day has the property of being Markovian. In this article, we tried to obtain the optimal inventory level via a numerical approach; sensitivity analysis was subsequently used to evaluate the impact of variations in the parameters, and it was found that among all the parameters, the demand rate and maximum age of usable blood had the greatest impact on the total cost and the total blood inventory.</p> mohammad saber fallah nezhad, Mahdieh Dehghani Meybodi Copyright (c)