Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management <p>The Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management (APJHM) is a peer-reviewed journal for managers of organisations offering healthcare and aged care services. The APJHM aims to promote the discipline of health management throughout the region by facilitating the transfer of knowledge among readers by widening the evidence base for management practices.<br /><br />*Print 1(1);2006 - 5(1);2010 Online 4(2);2009 - current<br />*ISSN 2204-3136 (online); ISSN 1833-3818 (print) </p> Australasian College of Health Service Management en-US Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management 1833-3818 COVID-19 RELATED FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ANTENATAL CARE IN RURAL BANGLADESH: A QUALITATIVE STUDY <p><strong>Objective </strong></p> <p>Available literature reveals that usage of Maternal Health Care Services (MHCSs), including antenatal care (ANC), has been decreased significantly in the developing countries due to Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic. However, the COVID-19 related factors on the MHCSs utilization in Bangladeshi women are yet to be examined. Therefore, this study examines the effect of COVID-19 on the use of ANC services among rural communities in Bangladesh.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Method </strong></p> <p>A community-based qualitative study was conducted from May 01, 2021, to July 20, 2021, among selected pregnant women residing in eight villages of the Kushtia District, Bangladesh. A total of eight focus group discussions (FGDs) was conducted. Open Code 4.0 software was used to transcribe, translate, and analyze the data thematically.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results </strong></p> <p>Findings suggest that the measures taken by the government against the COVID-19 pandemic have significantly decreased the optimum usage of ANC services. The need to shift the role of the health workforces a vital factor that has a negative effect on women's attitude towards seeking MHCSs. Anxiety, dirty and poor environment of the health facilities, low quality of care, stigma, and risk minimization strategy are among other factors that refrained the pregnant women from seeking ANC services.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>Undoubtedly, the COVID-19 related factors have decreased the possible usage of ANC services among rural communities in Bangladesh. Additional necessary health workforces are needed to recruit urgently. A special wing for pregnant women in each health facility may be opened as a one-stop service center for the COVID-19 period. The policymakers should take necessary actions to reduce anxiety among pregnant women and motivate them to use MHCSs for safe motherhood.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Key Words</strong></p> <p>Bangladesh, Covid-19, Antenatal care, Qualitative study, Health facility</p> S. M. Mostafa Kamal Dr. M Anisur Rahman Dr. Sonia Singh Copyright (c) 16 2 A Application of Blockchain Technology to control Counterfeit Drugs, Data Privacy and Distribution in Online Pharmacy <p>Technology has always emerged to embolden the existing working process. On the one hand, it encourages transparency, accessibility and robustness in the system and on the other hand, it begets mitigation of the risks and allows to detect, evaluate and eliminate vulnerability in the system. The most prominent technologies in todays’ world like Artificial Intelligence, Virtual/Augmented Reality, Automation, Cloud Computing are thriving to solve society’s problems and ensure the expedition in the process from its previous generation.</p> <p>Blockchain Technology is no exception in providing the solution to eliminate the counterfeit markets across the globe and building trust among parties to do business without the fear of indulging or facing any unscrupulous business.</p> <p>&nbsp;Blockchain Technology can ensure data privacy while improving supply chain transparency&nbsp;and reducing fraud. It can provide all stakeholders within a certain supply chain with access to the same information, potentially reducing errors. A decentralised application can pave the way to promulgate online pharmaceutical business where &nbsp;health information and each stakeholders’ data is not compromised. <strong>Against this backdrop this study throws light on the challenges in the online medical drug and devices’ distribution and proposes a solution, </strong>an architectural design for Blockchain Technology (Permissioned) in Online Pharmaceutical platform<strong> to mitigate the counterfeit market while bringing efficiency to the ecosystem</strong>.</p> Kritika Jain Somaiya Deepnshu Singh Jyotinder Kaur Chaddah Copyright (c) 16 2